Ουρουγουάη θα γίνει η πρώτη κυβέρνηση να πωλούν κάνναβη στους πολίτες της
Ο υπουργός Άμυνας Eleuterio Huidobro Fernandez είπε ότι το μέτρο έχει ως στόχο να αποδυναμώσει έγκλημα στη χώρα από την αφαίρεση των κερδών από τους εμπόρους ναρκωτικών και εκτροπή από τους χρήστες σκληρότερα ναρκωτικά.
By ANTHONY BOND
PUBLISHED: 10:57 GMT, 21 June 2012 | UPDATED: 11:05 GMT, 21 June 2012
Uruguay could become the first country in the world to sell marijuana to its citizens as it attempts to fight a growing crime problem.
Under the plan, only the government would be allowed to sell marijuana to adults who have registered on a government database – letting officials keep track of their purchases over time.
Minister of Defense Eleuterio Fernandez Huidobro said the measure aims to weaken crime in the country by removing profits from drug dealers and diverting users from harder drugs.
He said the bill would be sent to Congress soon, but an exact date had not been set.
‘We’re shifting toward a stricter state control of the distribution and production of this drug,’ Mr Fernandez Huidobro said.
‘It’s a fight on both fronts: against consumption and drug trafficking. We think the prohibition of some drugs is creating more problems to society than the drug itself.’
Uruguayan newspapers have reported that the money from taxes on marijuana sold by the government would go towards rehabilitating drug addicts.
There are no laws against marijuana use in Uruguay. Possession of the drug for personal use has never been criminalized.
Media reports have said that people who use more than a limited number of marijuana cigarettes would have to undergo drug rehabilitation.
Interesting: Only the government would be allowed to sell marijuana to adults who have registered on a government database. Ministers are pictured announcing the plans – including the Uruguayan Minister of Defense, Eleuterio Fernandez Huidobro, far right
But some Uruguayans have questioned how successful such a measure could be.
‘People who consume are not going to buy it from the state,’ said Natalia Pereira, 28, who smokes marijuana occasionally.
‘They’re going to be mistrust buying it from a place where you have to register and they can typecast you.’
A debate over the move lit up social media networks in the country, with some people worried about free sales of marijuana and others joking about it.
‘Legalizing marijuana is not a security measure,’ one man in the capital of Uruguay wrote on his Twitter account.
‘Ha, ha, ha!’ joked another. ‘I can now imagine you going down to the kiosk to buy bread, milk and a little box of marijuana.’
Juan Carlos Redin, a psychologist who works with drug addicts in the capital Montevideo, said: ‘The main argument for this is to keep addicts from dealing and reaching (crack-like) substances.’
‘Some studies conclude that a large number of base paste consumers first looked for milder drugs like marijuana and ended with freebase.’
Mr Redin said Uruguayans should be allowed to grow their own marijuana because the government would run into trouble if it tries to sell it.
The big question he said will be, ‘Who will provide the government (with marijuana)?’
Allen St. Pierre, executive director of U.S.-based National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws, or NORML, said the move would make Uruguay the only national government in the world selling marijuana.
‘If they actually sell it themselves, and you have to go to the Uruguay government store to buy marijuana, then that would be a precedent for sure, but not so different than from the dispensaries in half the United States,’ he said.
Numerous dispensaries on the local level in the U.S. are allowed to sell marijuana for medical use.
Possession of marijuana for personal use has never been criminalized in the South American country and a 1974 law gives judges discretion to determine if the amount of marijuana found on a suspect is for legal personal use or for illegal dealing.
‘This measure should be accompanied by efforts to get young people off drugs,’ ruling party Senator Monica Xavier told channel 12 local TV.
But other drug rehabilitation experts disagree with the planned bill altogether.
Guillermo Castro, head of psychiatry at the Hospital Britanico in Montevideo says marijuana is a gateway to stronger drugs.
‘In the long-run, marijuana is still poison,’ Castro said adding that marijuana contains 17 times more carcinogens than those in tobacco and that its use is linked to higher rates of depression and suicide.
‘If it’s going to be openly legalized, something that is now in the hands of politics, it’s important that they explain to people what it is and what it produces,” he said.
‘I think it would much more effective to educate people about drugs instead of legalizing them.’
Uruguay is among the safest countries in Latin America but recent gang shootings and rising cocaine seizures have raised security concerns and taken a toll on the already dipping popularity of leftist President Jose Mujica.
The Interior Ministry says from January to May, the number of homicides jumped to 133 from 76 in the same period last year.
Overburdened by clogged prisons, some Latin American countries have relaxed penalties for drug possession and personal use and distanced themselves from the tough stance pushed by the United States four decades ago when the Richard Nixon administration declared the war on drugs.
‘Out of all the drugs that are used for psychoactive effect, this is the least toxic, and the least potential for harm,” said Lester Grinspoon, associate professor emeritus at Harvard Medical School.
‘It may take some time to find a regulatory system that everyone can be comfortable with,’ Grinspoon added of Uruguay’s proposed sale of the drug.
‘There’s a growing recognition in the region that marijuana needs to be treated differently than other drugs, because it’s a clear case that the drug laws have a greater negative impact than the use of the drug itself,’ said Coletta Youngers, a senior fellow at the Washington Office on Latin America think tank.
‘If Uruguay moved in this direction they would be challenging the international drug control system.’